Curriculum
Chief Scientist, Thunder Energies Corporation (TEC)
1444 Rainville Rd., Tarpon Springs, FL 34689
http://www.thunder-energies.com,
Email: research(at)thunder-energies(dot)com iPhone 727 688 3992

Alongside the ongoing searches for dark matter and dark energy, Thunder Energies Corporation, a publicly traded company with OTC stock symbol TNRG, announces the initiation of the search for a new Solar corona composed by light emitted by antimatter. The search is based by the prediction that the violent reactions in the Sun produce particle and antiparticle pairs that annihilate immediately following their production, resulting in the emission of conventional light, plus a new light, scientifically known as isodual light and popularly known as antimatter light, first predicted in the invited scientific paper of 1997 http://www.santilli-foundation.org/docs/Santilli-28.pdf, whose existence has been confirmed by numerous experiments reported below. It should be indicated upfront that the evidence on the existence of a Solar antimatter light corona is intriguing but inconclusive at this time, yet sufficient to warrant the conduction of systematic measurements by qualified astrophysics laboratories via specialized telescopes that can be supplied by Thunder Energies Corporation at no cost.

Studies on antimatter galaxies in general, and the light emitted by antimatter stars, in particular, were stimulated by conceptual, theoretical and experimental evidence on the lack of expansion of the universe, the consequential lack of its acceleration, of the expansion with the distance the lack of the expansion of space itself, the lack of the big bang, the lack of dark matter and dark energies and related far reaching conjectures, which studies cannot possibly be reviewed in this website (see the collected references, with particular reference to: the introductory French interview; the novel isomathematics for the representation of electromagnetic waves propagating within physical media; the prediction of the non-Dopplerian isoredshift merely given by light releasing energy to cold physical media in the monographs Volume I, Volume II and the independent confirmation; and the systematic experimental confirmations on Earth of the anomalous isoredshift in the experimental collaboration and related large experimental literature, with consequential experimental verification on Earth of the 19929 Zwicky hypothesis of Tired Light; the disproof of dark matter and dark energies; and related literature hereon assumed to be known).

The lack of expansion of the universe implies a return to the steady state cosmology with a stationary universe advocated by Hubble, Einstein, Hoyle, Zwicky, Fermi, and other famous scientists. Such a return then implies that a universe solely composed by matter galaxies should have collapsed collapse due to gravitational attraction. A number of models have been attempted over one century, beginning with Einstein, to modify general relativity in such a way to represent a stationary universe with predictable inconclusive results since a theory constructed for gravitational attraction cannot be consistently turned into the gravitational repulsion needed for cosmological stability. In view of all the above, the "sole" plausible explanation of the stability of a non-expanding universe is that it contains matter and antimatter galaxies which condition explains indeed the stability of the universe, as well as the large intergalactic distances thanks to matter-antimatter gravitational repulsion (see the paper on the stability of the universe when composed by matter and antimatter galaxies)

The best available experiential evidence on antimatter is that matter and antimatter annihilate at contact by entirely transforming their masses into light (Figures 1, 2). A serious scientific representation of this event requires that all characteristics of antimatter must be opposite those of matter with no known exception. This basic evidence implies that the energy of all manifestations of antimatter must be negative as originally conceived by P. A. M. Dirac in 1928. This implies that antimatter is repelled by the gravitational field of matter (Figure 3). Additionally, matter-antimatter annihilation requires that the index of refraction of antimatter light in a transparent matter medium is opposite that of matter light (Figure 4) (for technical aspects one should study the 2006 monograph Isodual Theory of Antimatter, including the use of the new isodual mathematics for antimatter to avoid the violation of causality by negative energies when treated with the mathematics developed for positive energies).

Figure 1: A conceptual rendering of matter-antimatter annihilating into light at mutual contact. A quantitative representation of this majestic event, that is, a representation with equations verifying experimental data, requires that all characteristics of light emitted by antimatter (antimatter light) be opposite those of light emitted by matter (matter light).

Figure 2: It is generally believed in academia that antimatter galaxies and antimatter asteroids do not exist because they are not predicted by Einstein's theories. However, these theories were conceived some decades before the discovery of antimatter. Additionally, there is strong evidence that Earth has been devastated in the past by antimatter asteroids exploding at contact with our upper atmosphere, as it is the case of the 1908 Tunguska explosion in Siberia depicted in this figure that devastated without any crater an area of the size of New England. For the intent of achieving compatibility with Einstein's theories, academia represents this event as being due to an ice comet exploding in mid air. However, there exist several documents showing that, two days later, people could read newspapers at midnight in Sidney, Australia, without any artificial light, thus establishing that the entire Earth atmosphere was excited. An ice comet cannot possibly cause such a large scale ionization of our atmosphere. The sole possible origin of the Tunguska explosion, that occurred prior to the advent of nuclear bombs, is that it was caused by an antimatter asteroid annihilating in our upper atmosphere into all sort of strong radiations with evident consequential ionization of our atmosphere. Numerous additional explosions without craters have occurred in the past, all interpreted in a way compatible with Einstein theories. This presentation is intended, in the interest of our National Security, to suggest caution before accepting academic positions without a serious scrutiny because, in the event America is hit by an antimatter asteroid the size of a football, all our civilian, industrial and military communications will be disrupted for days, thus warranting due research.

Figure 3: A necessary condition for a quantitative representation of matter-antimatter annihilation is that the light emitted by antimatter has negative energy as originally conceived by P. A. M. Dirac in 1928. In turn, such a conception implies that antimatter light is repelled (attracted) by a matter (antimatter) gravitational field . The violation of causality by negative antimatter energies when treated with the mathematics developed for positive matter energies has been resolved by the new mathematics for antimatter, called isodual mathematics.

Recall that we can focus objects with our convex iris because requested by the conventional refraction of light (Figure 4) and that is the reason, all optical telescopes on Earth and in orbit are of Galileo-type, namely, they have convex lenses. Since the refraction of antimatter light is opposite that of matter light (Figure 4), we will never be able to focus images caused by antimatter light since such images can only be focused by telescopes with concave lenses, nowadays known as Santilli telescopes (see the scientific paper and press releases in the list http://www.santilli-foundation.org/docs/Santilli-Telescope-Refs-1-15.pdf). Since the telescopes with concave lenses cannot be focused by our eyes, they are paired with conventional Galileo telescopes having the same lens diameter and focal distance as those of the Santilli telescopes. Settings for the focusing of Galileo telescopes are then applied to Santilli telescopes thus ensuring that they are focused.


Figure 4: An illustration of the fact that a quantitative representation of matter-antimatter annihilation additionally requires that the index of refraction of antimatter light be opposite that of matter light as first shown by Santilli in the 2012 paper published by the American Institute of Physics The Mystery of Detecting Antimatter Asteroids, Stars and Galaxies. This results in the pairs of Galileo and Santilli telescopes in production and sale by Thunder Energies Corporation with 70 mm, 100 mm, 150 mm and 200 mm diameter (see Figures 5, 6 and the website). http://thunder-energies.com/index.php/ct-menu-item-9

Figure 5: The sole possibility for focusing images caused by antimatter light is that via a digital camera attached to telescopes with "concave" lenses, today known as Santilli telescopes. However, such telescopes cannot be focused with our eyes due to the "convex" shape of our iris. For this reason, Santilli telescopes are paired with conventional Galileo telescopes having the same lens size and focal distance as that of the Santilli telescope. In this way, the data of the focuser of the Galileo telescope are applied to the focuser of the Santilli telescope assuring its proper focusing.

Figure 6: A view of the pairs of Galileo and Santilli telescopes in production and sale by Thunder Energies Corporation with 70 mm, 100 mm, 150 mm and 200 mm lens diameters. These telescopes are available at no cost to qualified astrophysical laboratories for the independent repetition of the tests herein reported. An independent presentation on the focusing and use of the pair Galileo and Santilli telescopes is available from the video.

Since antimatter light possesses negative energy, in the absence of a camera specifically designed for antimatter light, the sole currently possible detection of images caused by antimatter light is that via a dark image on he background of a digital camera attached to the Santilli telescope, because said negative energy annihilates the positive energy existing in the pixels of the camera. The new mathematics, physics and technology for antimatter have permitted the identification of a first antimatter galaxy in the Vega region of the night sky (Figure 7), as well as the detection of antimatter asteroids and antimatter cosmic rays (Figure 5, 6), followed by the identification of a second antimatter galaxy this time in the Capella region of the night sky (Figure 9), which detections have been confirmed by a number of independent experimentalists (Figures 7, 81).


Figure 7: Since antimatter light has negative energy, its sole possible detection is via "dark streaks" in the background of a digital camera because said negative energy annihilates the positive energy caused by matter light in the pixels of the digital camera. In this figure we show samples of the 2014 first detection of an antimatter galaxy in the Vega region of the night sky. The photo on the top shows the streak of light from the Galileo telescope caused by a far away matter galaxy under 15 second exposure, while the photo on the bottom shows the streak of darkness from the Santilli telescope caused by the detected antimatter galaxy also under 15 second exposure. Note that the view in the Galileo telescope is not visible in the Santilli telescope and vice versa.

Figure 8: The "first detection of an antimatter galaxy" also detected dark streaks not aligned with the streaks of matter light caused by the 15 second exposure, suggesting that they are created by small antimatter asteroids annihilating in our upper atmosphere. The same first detection also showed additional images of darkness that can be best interpreted as being due to the antimatter light detected on Earth of the annihilation of antimatter cosmic rays in our upper atmosphere.

Figure 9: Representative pictures of the detection of a second antimatter galaxy. this time detected in the Capella region of the night sky, also under 15 seconds exposure, and also including the detection of small antimatter asteroids and antimatter cosmic rays.

Figure 10: Representative pictures of the independent conformation of all detections of the "first detection of an antimatter galaxy" including the detection of the antimatter galaxy in the Vega region of the night sky, antimatter asteroids and antimatter cosmic rays.

Figure 11: Representative pictures of the second independent confirmation of all detections of the first detection of an antimatter galaxy. Note that the latter was done via a film camera, in which case streaks of light and darkness are inverted (see also References on Antimatter galaxies).

The above detections are evidence of the emission in matter-antimatter annihilation of two different lights, the conventional matter light and the new antimatter light. In turn, such evidence implies the emission of both matter and antimatter light by our Sun because its violent particle reactions imply the production of particle-antiparticle pairs that are annihilated immediately following their creation, resulting in the indicated emission. Still in turn, this evidence implies the prediction that the Sun possesses two different coronas, that compose by matter light and the other by antimatter light, evidently the latter being much weaker than the former.

It should be indicated that entities emitting the isodual light have been also identified in our atmosphere. Since antimatter objects would annihilate in these conditions, said terrestrial detections can only be due to crafts composed of ordinary matter and capable of achieving invisibility via the inversion of the refraction of the light they emit. For numerous detections of these invisible terrestrial entities, see for detail the paper published in a scientific journal Invisible Terrestrial Entities, TEC Division of Optical Equipment, and the Corporate Archives.

These detections have established that a true antimatter light, technically known as isodual light of the first kind, has negative refraction within transparent matter medium thus requiring telescopes with concave lenses for its focusing), and has negative energy (thus creating a dark image in the conventional background of a digital camera, not visible in the Galileo telescope). By contrast, crafts in our terrestrial environment (which cannot possibly be composed of antimatter), release the isodual light of the second kind consisting of a light with negative refraction yet possessing positive energy, thus releasing a bright image which is not visible in the Galileo telescope (see later on Figures 11, 15). The antimatter light corona treated in this release is an isodual light of the first kind, thus solely visible in the Santilli telescope and releasing a dark image in the background of a conventional camera.

Non-experts in the field should be warned that the use for antimatter of notions so familiar for matter (such as measuring the index of refraction of antimatter light with a positive number) leads to the violation of causality and other insidious inconsistencies treated in detail in the monograph Isodual Theory of Antimatter,

To initiate the search of the predicted Solar antimatter corona along side the search of dark matter and dark energy, the technical team of Thunder Energies Corporation scanned the Solar eclipse of August 21, 2017, with pairs of Galileo and Santilli telescopes at its corporate location 150 Rainville Rd. Tarpon Springs, FL 34683, GPS coordinates: longitude 82.7567679 latitude 28.1461248. A number of images were captured in this way (see Figures 9, 13). It should be stressed that none of the pictures taken from the Santilli telescope provides evidence for the existence of the Solar antimatter light corona for the various reasons indicated in Figure 10, including the fact that the eclipse at the indicated location was partial, thus preventing the view of the conventional corona, let alone the much weaker antimatter light corona.

Nevertheless, the above tests can be easily repeated via the simulation of a total Solar eclipse allowed by two suitably sized metal disks placed on the Galileo and the Santilli telescope, the pair being mounted on an equatorial tripod suitable to follow the Sun. The use of sufficiently sensitive digital and film cameras attached to the Galileo and Santilli telescopes should then allow the joint detection of the conventional, as well as antimatter light corona. In view of the very limited cost of the suggested tests particularly when compared to the sizable scientific and social implications including aspects of our National Security (Figure 2), and when compared to the large expenditures of public funds for the search of dark matter and dark energy, it is hoped that qualified astrophysics observatories will indeed conduct the suggested tests. Interested scientists should contact the author for technical aspects, as well as for the availability of telescope pairs at no cost.


Figure 12: A picture of the partial Solar eclipse of August 21, 2017, at its maximum, taken at 2:57 pm at the location of Thunder Energies Corporation, 150 Rainville Rd. Tarpon Springs, FL 34689, at GPS coordinates: longitude 82.7567679 latitude 28.1461248. Note the presence of clouds that considerably reduced the view.

Figure 13: A sample of pictures having the prerequisite for an antimatter light corona, such as: 1) They were absent in the Galileo telescope; 2) They were solely visible in the Santilli telescope; 3) They show a curved shape; 4) They are dark in a digital camera directly exposed to the Sun, thus suggesting their origination by negative energy light; and others. None of these pictures have been accepted as evidence of an antimatter light corona because the eclipse was a partial at the indicated location, thus implying the inability to see the conventional corona, let alone the expected, much weaker, antimatter light corona. But the Sun is at the origin of our life.Therefore, the data reported are sufficient to warrant serious astrophysics laboratories to conduct accurate scan of the Solar coronas via a simulated eclipse and the use of the Galileo and Santilli telescopes supplied by Thunder Energies Corporation at no cost.

Figure 14: Example of a corona of the second kind (as defined above) solely visible in the Santilli telescope and invisible in the joint Galileo telescope detected on January 18, 2016 under eyewitnesses (for details, see the release PRWeb Release and pdf document quoted therein). The source was emitting antimatter light, but could not possibly have been composed of antimatter since the entity was in our atmosphere. Hence, the source was an unknown entity composed of ordinary matter yet emitting light with refraction opposite that of matter light.

Figure 15: An enlarged view of Figure 14 showing the mysterious isodual light of the second kind (as defined above), which is solely visible in the Santilli telescopes and it is invisible in all Galileo telescopes on Earth and in Earth's orbit, which was first predicted to be emitted by antimatter galaxies http://www.santilli-foundation.org/docs/Santilli-28.pdf, then confirmed in various astrophysical detections References on Antimatter galaxies and then discovered to be emitted also by entities in our environment Invisible Terrestrial Entities. With the understanding that antimatter stars must evidently possess an antimatter light corona, the search initiated in this announcement is intended to seek the detection of the isodual component of the light emitted by the annihilation of particle-antiparticle pairs produced by violent reactions in the Sun.
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QUESTIONS (Q) AND COMMENTS (C)

Q. Prof.. Santilli, do you predict that proton-antiproton scattering events at CERN also produce an antimatter light corona?

A. Yes, because the physics of particle-antiparticle creation in the Sun is the same as that at CERN, provided you do not treat antimatter with the old mathematics developed centuries ago for matter and use instead the causality verifying isodual mathematics,. RMS

Q. Why proton-antiproton annihilation should product a new light?

A. Because proton-antiproton pairs verify the new symmetry of isoselfduality (invariance under anti-Hermiticity verified by Dirac's equation) which symmetry must be verified also by the resulting radiation, thus requiring the emission of conventional radiation plus their anti-Hermitean image defined, for consistency, on the anti-Hermitean image of the Minkowski space over the anti-Hermitean images of conventional numbers http://www.santilli-foundation.org/docs/Santilli-28.pdf, . RMS Q. What tests you propose?

A. I suggest that high energy scattering events at CERN be inspected with our pair of Galileo and Santilli telescopes that can be provided at no cost by Thunder Energies Corporation. Then, the Galileo telescope will identify familiar images such as that below, while the predicted isodual light is expected to be focused by the Santilli telescope. RMS

Q. Are physicists at CERN interested in doing this so inexpensive of a test with such a vast scientific implications whatever the outcome?

A. I do not know at this writing (August 28, 2017). I am available to help and so are our telescope pairs. RMS

Q. Are there other sources of anti-matter light which might be tested? CERN is generally not amenable to new thinking, and, unless proved otherwise, can be expected to oppose the proposed tests quite vigorously.

A. Thank you for such an important question. Yes, there are alternative tests. recall that the isodual light can be solely seen at this moment via dark images on the background of conventional cameras, thus requiring an amount of Dirac's negative energy sufficient to overcome the positive energy in the pixels of the camera. In the event the negative energy is small, there is no detectable isodual image. I suggested the test of the dual radiation emitted by high energy proton-antiproton annihilation because it is expected to produce an isodual light detectable with conventional digital or film cameras.

An alternative test deserving an inspection is to use the radiation emitted by electron-positron annihilation since must also verify the symmetry under isoselfduality, resulting in the emission of photons γ and their isodual γd according to the original proposal ,

e- + e+ → γ + γd

which annihilation is more fundamental than that of proton-antiproton pairs.The problem is that the former reaction generally occurs at energies much lower than that of the latter,m thus emitting a much weaker isodual light and requiring much more sensitive digital or film cameras.

In our corporate lab, we do have reactors capable of producing electron-positron pairs, although with minimal energy. They are given by the reactors used for the confirmation of the synthesis of the neutron from the hydrogen which requires a minimum of 0.782 MeV, thus delivering energy sufficient for the creation of at least some electron-positron pairs, see the paper http://www.santilli-foundation.org/docs/122015010-final-07-04-17.pdf, and the picture below. Under the availability of sufficiently sensitive digital or film cameras, the proposed alternative to search for detections of the isodual light is that of inspecting the reactors for the neutron synthesis with a pair of Galileo and Santilli telescopes.


A view of one of the reactors used for the neutron synthesis., see also a short movie on operation of the neutron reactor and the view of one of the three different neutron and gamma detections.

Since our neutron reactors are directional (see the alternative reactor below), it is also possible to conceive tests for the measure of the action of Earth's gravitation on both isodual photons and positrons (Figure 3), although the latter tests are expensive since they would require neutron interferometry and other extremely sensitive measuring apparata.


A view of TEC Directional Neutron Source (patent pending), also known as "TEC neutron gun."
Q. Prof. Santilli, why conventional light does not blurry images of antimatter light in your telescope?

A. Because matter light is dispersed into the internal walls by the concave lenses of our telescopes, thus solely allowing the focusing of antimatter light. The opposite holds for conventional images in the Galileo telescope. RMS

Q. Dr. Santilli, I do not believe in the existence of a new antimatter light because the photon is invariant under charge conjugation.

A. Yes, when the application of the anti-Hermitean map you call charge conjugation is restricted to the Hilbert space alone for the unspoken but evident reason to achieve compatibility with Einstein special and general relativity since the latter do no predict antimatter. However, when the anti-Hermitean map is extended to the totality of the formalism of quantum mechanics, including numbers, functions, energy, etc, the existence of the isodual photon becomes mandatory on theoretical ground. On experimental, grounds, the existence of light that can be solely focused by concave lenses and carries negative energy is nowadays beyond credible doubt. RMS.

Q. Mr. Santilli, there exist no negative physical quantities in our world and your way of measuring the index of refraction with negative numbers makes no sense to me.

A. Unfortunately for you, you passed judgment without any technical knowledge of the field. The use of positive numbers for the index of refraction of antimatter light violates causality. RMS

Q. Prof. Santilli, why the majority of physicists nowadays oppose the rather inexpensive search for your antimatter light corona, while favoring the very expensive searches for dark matter and dark energy?

A. Because antimatter light requires a necessary surpassing of Einstein's theories for antimatter (see Figure 2), while dark matter and dark energies were specifically conceived and supported to maintain Einstein's theories inside galaxies and in the universe at large despite vast experimental evidence that Einstein;s theories are not exactly valid within physical media, see the astrophysical work and measurements quoted therein http://www.thunder-energies.com/docs/dark-matter-2015.pdf. RMS

Q. Prof. Santilli, I have never been convinced by the claim that the transition from first to second quantization resolves the violation of causality by the negative energy solutions of Dirac's equation. What's your thinking on this?

A. I am so glad to see that you avoided to be brainwashed. In fact, the violation of causality in second quantization persists in its entirety, e.g., in the negative energy solutions for retarded potentials. The problem has been suppressed by academia for close to one century by just not talking about it and by discrediting dissident views without any technical argument. RMS

Q. How you resolve it?

A. By reformulating quantum field theory on the Kronecker product of the Minkowski space and its isodual defined on the respective fields and isodual fields. Advanced and retarded potentials are then defined in their respective fields. It then follows that the negative energies of retarded potentials measured with negative numbers are exactly as causal as the positive energies of advanced potentials measured with positive numbers. No physicist in his/her sanity of mind would measure positive energies with negative numbers. But then it is mysterious to me why negative energies are treated on a space defined over positive numbers. RMS

Q. But then you change the current numerical results of quantum field theory.

A. No, provided you elaborate advanced potential with conventional mathematics and elaborate retarded potential with the isodual mathematics without any "minestrone" type of mixture. RMS

Q. Prof. Santilli, besides the obvious scientific importance, do you think that this antimatter light, if it can be produced artificially, as it could be the case for CERN experiments and TEC neutron source, could ever have any industrial applications?

A. Thanks for the important question. I believe that the answer should be yes, but only in the future, e.g., for the study of antigravity, because the wide acceptance of new fields requires nowadays much more time than that needed one century ago due to the billions of dollars of research funds available on pre-existing doctrines. As a concrete example, with due exceptions, Einstein's theories (and their inherent prediction of lark of antimatter at the larger scale structure of the universe) were rather rapidly accepted by the scientific community one century ago. By contrast, I believe that it may well take one century or so for the scientific community at large to even "consider," let alone verify or deny, the rather vast "experimental" evidence already available on the existence of antimatter galaxies because not aligned with Einstein's theories. RMS

Q. Mr. Santilli, I cannot accept your antimatter theory unless compatible with the big bang.

A. The big bang conjecture was launched in for the intent of representing the preceding conjecture of the expansion of the universe and its inherent acceleration. Unfortunately, this was done in complete oblivion of its catastrophic insufficiencies, such as: to be compatible with the Hubble law on the cosmological redshift of galaxies which is the same in all " "radial"" directions d from Earth, z = Hd, the big bang had to occur in our vicinity, thus implying necessarily Earth at the center of the universe; by the very definition of explosion, the big bang requires the absence of galaxies in a radius of about 14 billion light years years from Earth, while galaxies are rather uniformly distributed throughout the universe; the debris of an explosion slow down with the distance, rather than accelerate as needed for consistency, etc. (see the comments and references at the beginning of this website). I was a member of the Lyman Laboratory of Physics of Harvard University at the time of launching the conjecture of the big bang (the late 1970s) and, I personally communicated to colleagues its inconsistencies, but they were ignored, as they continued to be ignored to this day. RMS

Q. But then, Mr. Santilli, how can you explain the cosmic background radiation which is experimental evidence on the existence of the big bang?

A. Unfortunately, I cannot provide a scientific explanation for a political theory. Simple calculations show that, being very weak, the cosmic background radiation should have been completely absorbed by galaxies and the intergalactic medium billions of years ago.The fact that it is still there is evidence that the cosmic background radiation requires a continuous source of energy. Such a source has been identified and experimentally verified on Earth. It is given by the energy released by galactic light to the intergalactic medium (mostly composed of cold hydrogen) according to Zwicky's hypothesis of the Tired Light. This energy is then released precisely in the form of cosmic background radiation since isolated hydrogen molecules cannot remain excited, thus releasing the acquired energy see the experimental collaboration.). RMS

Q. Prof. Santilli, what is the connection between your negative energy light and dark matter?

A. None, to my knowledge. As it had been the case for the big bang conjecture and others, the conjecture of dark matter was launched and immediately adopted world wide for the unspoken, but evident intent of derailing attention on the inapplicability of Einstein special relativity within the innergalactic gaseous medium which is quite visible with telescopes. The astonishing aspect is that dark matter has been so widely adopted, and huge amounts of public money have been spent on it, despite its total inability to represent, even minimally, the data for which it was proffered, namely, the anomalous redshift of galactic stars which generally deviate from the redshift of the galaxy as a whole, since the possible contributions of dark matter would cancel out due to its uniform distribution within the galaxy, and other inconsistencies (see for details the experimental disproof of dark matter and). RMS

Q. I then assume that there is also no connection between your negative energy and dark energy?

Yes, there is no connection to my knowledge. The conjecture of dark energy was promoted, and also widely accepted world wide, as the last of a long chain of cosmological conjectures, each one intended to support a preceding untenable conjecture, the entire chain being aimed at the original primary goal: maintain Einstein special relativity throughout the universe via the expansion of the universe. While the position of colleagues with vested interest on Einstein's theory is somewhat understandable, it is astonishing to see the wide acceptance of dark energy without any serious scrutiny, even though dark energy never provided a representation of the expansion of the universe and/or of its inherent acceleration. The acceptance of dark energy becomes incredible when considering its numerous unaddressed (let alone resolved) inconsistencies, such as: dark energy has a null impact on galactic dynamics due to its uniform distribution; dark energy should "decrease" (rather than increase) the expansion of the universe because energy is the original of gravitational "attraction" according to Einstein; etc. (see also the paper experimental disproof of dark matter and). RMS

Q. Ruggero, do matter and antimatter photons annihilate when in overlapping?

A. No, to our understanding. Only matter and antimatter "masses" annihilate at contact into conventional light and its isodual, but light is not eliminated from the universe unless transformed into other forms of energy. RMS

Q. If matter and antimatter photons do not annihilate, may I posit the view that there are always both matter and anti-matter light flowing around us at all times?

A. Yes. Matter galaxies, emit conventional light, that can be seen from any point of the universe, and the same holds for antimatter galaxies emitting isodual light. Hence, conventional and isodual light permeate the entire universe. RMS

Q. Ruggero, since negative energies are a source of gravitational repulsion, can your isodual light be the origin of the expansion of the universe?

A. No, because conventional and isodual light are jointly present, thus canceling each other effect, besides being uniformly distributed throughout the universe, thus producing no actual dynamical effect. RMS

Q. Ruggero, in regard to the possible presence of a corona for the sun comprised of isodual anti-matter light, which appears to be weaker in energy terms than that of the corona of matter light, could we posit the possibility that there may be some atomic reactions in some astronomical bodies where the reverse might be true and the anti-matter light could have the more energetic corona, for example, the predominance of anti-matter stars in an anti-matter galaxies that your instruments have uncovered.

A. Yes. The Sun is dominated by matter and it is expected to produce antimatter solely at the level of high energy particle reactions. Consequently, the conventional matter light corona dominates over the antimatter light corona for all matter stars. Of course, the opposite is true for antimatter stars as you correctly indicate. RMS

Q. If this latter condition is true, and we will assume it is true for the purposes of observational experiment, could we expect to notice greater amounts of anti-matter light when observing super massive stars, or conversely are there super massive stars that emit only anti-matter light?

A. Yes, in the sense that a super heavy matter star is predicted to have an antimatter light corona bigger than that of a comparatively smaller star, with the understanding that the matter light corona remains dominant over the antimatter one. RMS

Q. Ruggero, lets move to black holes. The reactions in these astronomical curiosities are nothing like the solar furnace, but they generate enormous amounts of energies both at the event horizon and at the central core singularity where extraordinary streams of energy are jettisoned away at right angles from the plain of the event horizon.

A.Yes. Antimatter light is expected to be repelled by matter black holes. Therefore, any antimatter light that could be created in the interior of antimatter black holes is expelled resulting exactly in your prediction. RMS

Q. But then the center of our Milky Way should be inspected with your telescope for the possible emission of isodual light.

A. Yes, of course such an inspection should be done. However, the lack of detection of isodual light emitted by black holes is not evidence for its lack of existence because the ultra hyper-dense character of black holes may well prevent the creation of particle-antiparticle pairs. One of the biggest insufficiencies of current views on black holes is that one single black hole should swallow first the entire galaxy and then swallow the entire universe as it can be proved via general relativity. Since this has not happened, I attempted to achieve a "limitation" of the gravitational field of a black hole by extending general relativity to "interior" gravitational problems (see the paper on isogravitation, Section 5.10 in particular). Under these extreme conditions, the idea that conventional particle reactions also occur in the interior of black holes may eventually result to be naive or political. RMS

Q. Are pairs of Galileo and Santilli telescopes currently available for the scanning of the center of the Milky Way?

Yes, Thunder Energies Corporation is in production and sale of pairs of Galileo and Santilli telescopes with 70 mm, 100 mm, 150 mm and 200 mm diameter. A number of 100 mm pairs and one 150 mm pair have been made available at no cost for qualified observer at no cost. RMS

Q. Ruggero, if anti-matter light is similar to matter light, but behaves in an opposite fashion, which is also amenable to observation and documentation (via photo image) then it ought to be possible to design the equivalent of a diffraction grating for anti-matter light that works in the reverse of the grating designs for matter light. Yes? or No?

A. Yes. The biggest insufficiencies for the study of antimatter is the current lack of availability of digital equipment specifically designed for the focusing of images caused by light with negative index of refraction and negative energy. RMS

Q. Prof. Santilli, it appears that you have indeed detected images whose best origination is that of small antimatter asteroids annihilating in our upper atmosphere. However, how can you detect large asteroids that could devastate our Country?

A. I do not know because our current knowledge of antimatter is Lilliputian at best. For instance, we carefully avoided to use reflective telescopes because I do not know whether antimatter light follows conventional laws of reflection on a mirror. Consequently, I do not know whether an antimatter asteroid in empty space can be detected via electromagnetic waves of any frequency. To multiply the problem, I do not know whether antimatter light is completely absorbed by an antimatter asteroid. I could keep going with the list of unknowns. I hope that the NSF, the DOE and other federal funding agencies manage to rate the security of the United States of America and of our allies over organized interests on Einstein currently in control of research funds, and do initiate funding research on the detection of antimatter asteroids because, as indicated in the main text, in the event we are hit by one of them the size of a football, all our civilian, industrial and military communications will be disrupted for days. RMS

Q. Dr. Santilli, how do you explain that antimatter asteroids impacting on us are very rare compared to the number of matter asteroids impacts?

A. Because antimatter asteroids are repelled by the gravitational field of Earth. However, Simone Beghella-Bartoli, a European expert in planetary trajectories, has shown that. under certain conditions, including the proper kinetic energy to overcome gravitational repulsion, antimatter asteroids can indeed collide with Earth as it was the case for the Tunguska explosion ()Figure 2) and other cases, see his paper Trajectories of antimatter asteroids in our Solar system. RMS

Q. Prof. Santilli, in studying your 2006 Springer monograph on the isodual theory of antimatter, I was fascinated by your proofs of matter-antimatter gravitational repulsion at the Newtonian, Hamiltonian, quantum and geometric levels. The question then arises as to whether antimatter can be used for future propulsion.

A. Yes, in Section 4,3,3 of my Springer monograph Isodual Theory of Antimatter